Meta Challenges EU’s New “Gatekeeper” Designation for Messenger and Marketplace
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Meta Challenges EU’s New “Gatekeeper” Designation for Messenger and Marketplace

Meta’s EU Regulatory Appeal marks a significant development, as the company, formerly known as Facebook, has initiated an appeal against the European Union’s (EU) recent classification of its Messenger and Marketplace services under new regulatory measures. This move is a crucial test of Meta’s strategy to unify its services, perceived as an effort to prevent the breakup of the company amidst scrutiny over its acquisitions of Instagram and WhatsApp.



The EU’s new Digital Markets Act (DMA) labels platforms that serve as crucial gateways between businesses and consumers as ‘gatekeeper’ apps. This label imposes strict rules on them regarding neutrality, openness, and other regulatory requirements. As part of Meta’s suite of services, Messenger and Marketplace now fall into this category and face increased regulatory obligations.


Meta’s Stance

Meta argues that Messenger and Marketplace are integral, not standalone, parts of the larger Facebook ecosystem, challenging the EU’s perspective. The company insists on assessing these services in conjunction with Facebook, rather than in isolation. Interestingly, Meta does not apply this rationale to its other prominent acquisitions, WhatsApp and Instagram.


Integration Strategy

At the core of Meta’s argument is its ongoing effort to integrate its messaging platforms. The planned integration would allow users to access a unified inbox across Messenger, WhatsApp, and Instagram Direct. This integration could bolster Meta’s claim that its various apps form a single system, complicating any attempts to regulate them separately or consider breaking up the company.

Antitrust Concerns

Meta’s acquisitions, particularly in the digital advertising market, have raised antitrust concerns. These concerns have led to actions like halting Meta’s acquisition of GIPHY and have put a damper on further takeover activities. By unifying its services under the “Meta” brand, the company appears to be fortifying itself against such challenges.

Potential Implications

If Meta succeeds in convincing EU officials that Messenger is not a separate entity, it could set a precedent for WhatsApp and Instagram Direct, potentially exempting them from the gatekeeper provisions. This ruling could significantly impact how Meta’s services are regulated in the EU.

Current Status and Future Outlook

While Meta has yet to fully implement its messaging integration plan, a favorable ruling in this case could be a strategic win, potentially limiting the impact of the EU’s new regulations on the company’s operations. The outcome of this challenge is eagerly anticipated, as it could significantly influence Meta’s policies and strategies in the EU.


Meta’s EU Regulatory Appeal, challenging the EU’s classification of Messenger and Marketplace as separate ‘gatekeeper’ entities, highlights the intricate dynamics between large tech companies and regulatory bodies. The outcome of this case will influence not only Meta’s operational strategies but could also establish a precedent for the regulation of digital services in the EU. As the situation develops, both the tech industry and regulatory authorities are attentively observing the ramifications of this significant legal challenge.


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